Joints are the junctions of two bones. Joint pain can occur for many reasons. We need joints to move. If there is pain and dysfunction, our mobility decreases.
The source of joint pain may be the problems of the musculoskeletal system itself, as well as systemic causes.
CAUSES OF JOINT PAIN FROM THE MUSCULAR-SKELETON SYSTEM
- Calcification = Osteoarthritis (characterized by decreased joint fluid, cartilage destruction and unwanted bone formation)
- Presence of hypermobile (overly volatile) joints
- Joint Stiffness
- Joint Instability (laxity)
- Acute or Chronic Traumas
- Ligament and Tendon injuries
- Muscle and soft tissue injuries
Infections: Viral infections may be accompanied by flu-like conditions.
Bacterial infections: It is a severe septic arthritis picture that can directly affect the joint and cause bone damage.
Rheumatic Diseases: It is seen in many rheumatic diseases such as Rheumatoid Arthritis, Systemic Lupus Erythematosus, Ankylosing Spondylitis, Sjogren's Disease, Polymyalgica Rheumatologica, Gout.
Neurological Causes: Joint pain accompanies many diseases such as nerve compression, Polyneuropathies, Muscle Diseases, Stroke, Multiple Sclerosis.
Endocrine Causes: In vitamin D deficiencies, Pregnancy, Obesity, Diabetes patients, especially pain related to the hand, foot and shoulder areas, (carpal tunnel syndrome with nerve compression in the wrist, trigger finger, tears in the shoulder muscle, foot wounds and pain in the joints), Achilles tendinitis and joint pain in thyroid diseases. Tendon problems such as tennis elbow are more common.
Tumors: In some types of cancer, the 'Paraneoplastic Syndrome' clinic caused by substances secreted from tumor cells may also occur with joint pain. Although there is spread to the joint and bone, a painful situation is observed.
When should you go to the doctor?
• Post-accident swelling in the joints, pain, decreased range of motion
• In case of high fever when there is no cold
• If the joint area is swollen, hot, painful and red
• If there is a lot of weight loss
• If our pain has lasted more than 3-5 days, a doctor should be consulted.
Detailed patient history should be taken, necessary tests should be done and evaluated, a good differential diagnosis should be made and treatments should be planned according to the patient.
I wish you healthy days.